SWIFT shows potential for the fabrication of high performance diamond micro-tools with high aspect ratios, smooth surfaces and sharp edges. SWIFT does not work with microsized powders.
Researchers found that the energy absorption is much greater for small particles [2, 3] given the presence of a large number of boundaries. In nanopowders, the internal heat may transfer throughout the entire particle, thus providing an advantage over coarser materials where the heating is only superficial.
In addition to shock energy, shock duration (proportional to pulse duration) is a key parameter to achieve good bonding.
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 P. A. Molian, 3D Printing of Nanoscale Powders using Laser Shock Waves, Journal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing, doi:10.1115/1.4031462
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 Vreeland, T., Jr., Kasiraj, P., Ahrens, T., and Schwarz, R., 1983, “Shock Consolidation of Powders – Theory and Experiment,” In: Rapidly Solidified Metastable Materials. Materials Research Society symposia proceedings. No.28. Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA, pp. 139-143. ISBN 9780444009357
 Akashi, T., and Sawaoka, A., 1987, “Shock consolidation of diamond powders
Journal of Materials Science, 22 (9), pp. 3276-3286
 Kanel, G., Razorenov, S., and Fortov, V., 2004, Shock-Wave Phenomena and the Properties of Condensed Matter, Springer Verlag, New York, Chapter 1 DOI:10.1007/978-1-4757-4282-4
 Deng, C. and Molian, P., 2013, “Nanodiamond powder compaction via laser shockwaves: experiments and finite element analysis”, Powder Technology, 239, pp. 36-46
 Deng, C., and Molian, P., 2012, “Laser shock wave treatment of polycrystalline diamond tool and nano-diamond powder compact,” The International Journal of Advanced manufacturing Technology, 63 (1-4), pp. 259 – 267
 Baerga, V., and Molian, P., 2012, “Laser shockwave sintering of nanopowders of yttria-stabilized zirconia,” Materials Letters, 73, pp. 8-10
 Melookaran, R., Melaibari, A., Deng, C., and Molian, P., 2012, “Laser shock processing on microstructure and hardness of polycrystalline cubic boron nitride tools with and without nanodiamond powders,” Materials and Design, 35, pp. 235-242
 Molian, P., and Baerga, V., 2011, “Laser shock wave consolidation of micropowder compacts of fully stabilized zirconia with addition of nanoparticles,” Advances in Applied Ceramics, 110 (2), pp.120-123
 Molian, P., Molian, R., and Nair, R., 2009, “Laser shock wave consolidation of nanodiamond powders on aluminum 319,” Applied Surface Science, 255, pp. 3859–3867
 Zhyrovetsky, V., Kovalyuk, B., Mocharskyi, V., Nikiforov, Y., Onisimchuk, V., Popovych, D., and Serednytski, A., 2013, “Modification of structure and luminescence of ZnO nanopowder by the laser shock-wave treatment,” Physica Status Solidi (C) - Current Topics in Solid State Physics, 10 (10), pp.1288-1291