Implants can be actively designed to match the physical and mechanical requirements of the region of implantation.
This precise customisation reduces surgical times and enhances cosmetic improvement and success rates.
Let’s have a look at a few recent metal AM successes stories in craniofacial and body reconstruction.
Face and skull reconstructions
Full rib cage
Hip and hip joint
 D.E Cooper, M. Stanford, K.A. Kibble, G.J. Gibbons, Additive Manufacturing for product improvement at Red Bull Technology, Mater. Des. 41(2012) 226-230
 C. Mertens, H. Löwenheim, J. Hoffmann, Image data based reconstruction of the midface using a patient-specific implant in combination with a vascularized osteomyocutaneous scapular flap, J. Cranio. Maxill. Surg. 41(2013) 219-225.
 A.L. Jardini, M.A. Larosa, C.A. de Carvalho Zavaglia, L.F. Bernardes, C.S. Lambert, P. Kharmandayan, D. Calderoni, R.M. Filho, Customised titanium implant fabricated in additive manufacturing for craniomaxillofacial surgery. Virtual Phys. Prototyp. 9(2014) 115-125.
 CSIRO produces 3D heel in world first surgery. 2014. http://www.csiro.au/en/News/News-releases/2014/3D-Heel-In-World-First-Surgery2014.